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Sanyawa Kayan Ilimi: Fahimci Halayen Takarda, Inganta Ingantaccen Marufi da Bugawa

Abstract: Takarda shi ne kayan da aka fi amfani dashi don bugawa. Kayanta na zahiri suna da tasiri kai tsaye ko kai tsaye akan ingancin buguwa. Ingantaccen fahimta da sarrafa yanayin takarda, gwargwadon halaye na samfurin, yin amfani da takarda yadda yakamata don inganta ingancin kayayyakin bugawa, zai taka rawar gani wajen ingantawa. Wannan takarda don raba halaye na abubuwan da suka shafi takarda, don abokan su:

Bugun takarda

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Duk wani nau'in takardu da aka buga wanda ke da takamaiman kaddarorin, ya danganta da hanyar buguwa.

Takarda da aka yi amfani da ita musamman don bugawa. Dangane da amfani za a iya raba shi zuwa: sabon littafi, littattafai da takarda na zamani, takarda mai rufewa, takardar tsaro da sauransu. Dangane da hanyoyin bugu daban-daban ana iya raba shi zuwa takarda mai buga wasiƙu, takarda mai ɗaukar hoto, takaddar bugawa ta biya da sauransu.

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1 Adadin

Yana nufin nauyin takarda a kowane yanki, wanda aka bayyana ta g / ㎡, wato, nauyin gram na takarda murabba'in mita 1. Matsakaicin matakin takarda yana ƙayyade kayan aikin takarda na zahiri, kamar ƙarfin zafin jiki, digirin tsagewa, matsi, taurin kai da kauri. Wannan kuma shine babban dalilin da yasa babban bugun inji ba shi da kyau ga takaddun takarda a ƙasa da 35g / ㎡, don haka yana da sauƙi don bayyana takarda mara kyau, ba a ba da izinin overprint da sauran dalilai. Sabili da haka, gwargwadon halaye na kayan aikin, ana iya samar da tsarin adadi na sassan ɗab'in da suka dace da aikin sa, don rage ƙimar amfani, inganta ƙimar samfuran da ingancin bugun kayan aiki.

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2 Kauri

Shin kaurin takarda ne, yawanci ana auna ma'aunin ma'aunin a cikin μm ko mm. Kauri da yawa da takaitawa suna da alaka ta kut-da-kut, gaba daya, kaurin takarda babba ne, girmansa daidai yake, amma alakar da ke tsakanin su biyu ba cikakkiya ba ce. Wasu takarda, kodayake sirara ne, daidai yake ko ya wuce kaurin. Wannan yana nuna cewa matsi na tsarin fiber ɗin takarda yana ƙayyade yawa da kaurin takardar. Ta mahangar bugu da ingancin marufi, kaurin takarda daidai yake da mahimmanci. In ba haka ba, zai shafi takarda ta sabuntawa ta atomatik, matsin lamba da ingancin tawada. Idan kayi amfani da kauri daban-daban na takardu da aka buga littattafai, zai sanya kammala littafin ya samar da banbanci mai kauri.

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3 Matsewa

Yana nufin nauyin takarda a kowane santimita mai siffar sukari, wanda aka bayyana a cikin g / C㎡. An lasafta takurar takarda ta wurin yawa da kauri bisa ga tsari mai zuwa: D = G / D × 1000, inda: G ke wakiltar yawan takarda; D shine kaurin takardar. Tightness shine ma'auni na yawan tsarin takarda, idan yayi matsi sosai, fashewar takarda, rashin haske da shan tawada zai ragu sosai, yin rubutu ba sauki ya bushe ba, kuma mai sauƙin samar da ƙazamtaccen ƙazantar ƙasa. Sabili da haka, lokacin buga takarda tare da tsananin matsewa, ya kamata a mai da hankali ga kulawar da ta dace game da adadin murfin tawada, da zaɓin rashin ruwa da tawada mai dacewa.

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4 Taurin kai

Shin yin juriya ne na takarda zuwa wani matsi na wani abu, amma har da fiber fiber kayan aiki mara kyau. Taurin takarda yana da ƙasa, na iya samun ƙarin alamar alama. Tsarin buga wasiƙa gabaɗaya ya fi dacewa da bugawa tare da takarda tare da ƙarancin taurin, don haka ingancin tawada yana da kyau, kuma ƙimar juriya da farantin bugawa ma ta yi yawa.

 

5 Laushi

Yana nufin mataki na karo takarda, naúrar a cikin dakika, mai iya aunawa. Ka'idar ganowa itace: karkashin wani yanayi da matsi, wani yanayi na iska ta cikin gilashin da kuma ratar saman samfurin tsakanin lokacin da aka dauka. Mafi santsan takarda ita ce, a hankali iska ke bi ta ciki, kuma akasin haka. Bugun yana buƙatar takarda tare da santsi mai matsakaici, santsi mai tsayi, ƙaramin ɗigo zai buga da aminci, amma cikakken bugawa ya kamata ya mai da hankali don hana baya mai liƙewa. Idan takardar santsi ya yi ƙasa, buƙatar bugun da ake buƙata tana da girma, amfani da tawada kuma babba ne.

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6 Digiri na Digiri

Yana nufin ƙazantar da ke saman tabo ɗin takarda, launi da launi takarda akwai bambanci bayyananne. Matsayin Dust shine ma'aunin ƙazantar da ke cikin takarda, wanda aka bayyana ta yawan wuraren ƙura a cikin wani yanki a kowane murabba'in mita yanki na takarda. Takarda takarda tana da girma, tawada bugawa, tasirin yaduwar ɗigo ba shi da kyau, wuraren ƙazanta suna shafar kyawun samfurin.

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7 Digiri Girman

Yawancin lokaci ana ƙirƙirar saman takarda na takarda, takarda mai rufi da takarda marufi ta hanyar yin sararin kariya mai kariya tare da juriya na ruwa. Yadda za a yi amfani da sizing, alkalami na agwagwa wanda aka saba amfani da shi tsoma cikin tawada na musamman a cikin secondsan daƙiƙa kaɗan, zana layi a kan takardar, duba iyakar faɗin abin da ba yaɗuwarsa ba, rashin daidaito, rukunin mm ne. Takarda farfajiyar shimfiɗar takarda tana da girma, bugawar hasken tawada yana da tsawo, ƙasa da amfani da tawada.

 

8 Shaƙatawa

Ikon takarda ne don sha ruwan tawada. Smoothness, sizing mai kyau takarda, tawada sha ne mai rauni, tawada Layer bushe jinkirin, da kuma sauki danko datti bugu. Akasin haka, shan tawada yana da ƙarfi, bugawa yana da sauƙi bushe.

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9 Kai tsaye

Yana nufin shugabanin tsarin tsara fiber fiber. A yayin aiwatar da takarda, zaren yana aiki tare da doguwar hanyar injin takarda. Ana iya gane shi ta kaifin Angle na alamun net. Tsaye zuwa tsaye yana wucewa. Deimar nakasawar bugun hatsi mai tsawo. A yayin aiwatar da bugun hatsi na takarda, bambancin fadadawa yana da girma, kuma ƙarfin zafin nama da digirin hawaye ba su da kyau.

 

10 Yawan Fadada

Yana nufin takarda a cikin shaƙan danshi ko asarar danshi bayan girman bambancin. Taushi laushin zaren takarda, ƙananan matsewar, mafi girman haɓakar takarda; Akasin haka, ƙananan ƙimar sikelin. Bugu da kari, santsi, sizing takarda mai kyau, girman fadadarsa kadan ne. Kamar takarda mai rufi mai gefe biyu, katin gilashi da takarda mai cika fuska, da dai sauransu.

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11 Zaman lafiya

Gabaɗaya, takardar da ta fi siriri kuma ba ta da ƙanƙantar da ita, za ta zama mai numfashi. Ofungiyar ƙarfin numfashi ita ce ml / min (milliliter a minti ɗaya) ko s / 100ml (na biyu / 100ml), wanda ke nufin adadin iska da aka bi ta cikin takarda a cikin minti 1 ko lokacin da ake buƙata don wucewa ta 100ml na iska. Takaddar tare da yaduwar iska mai sauki tana da saurin rubuwa takarda sau biyu a cikin aikin bugawa.

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12 Fari Digiri

Yana nufin hasken takarda, idan duk hasken da ya fito daga takardar, idanun ido zasu iya ganin fari. Tabbatar da ƙarancin takarda, yawanci fari na magnesium oxide shine 100% a matsayin mizani, ɗauki samfurin takarda ta hasken iska mai haske shuɗi, farin fari ƙaramin abu yana da kyau. Hakanan za'a iya amfani da mitar farin fotin lantarki don auna farin. Rakunan farin sunada kashi 11. Babban farar takarda, tawada bugawa ya bayyana duhu, kuma mai sauƙin samarwa ta hanyar abin mamaki.

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13 Gaba da Baya

A cikin yin takarda, ana yin ɓangaren litattafan almara ta hanyar tacewa da rashin ruwa ta hanyar mannewa da ƙarfe na ƙarfe. Ta wannan hanyar, kamar yadda gefen raga yake saboda asarar zaren da aka cika da ruwa, saboda haka barin alamun net, saman takarda yayi kauri. Kuma ɗayan gefen ba tare da raga yana da kyau ba. M, don haka takarda ta samar da bambanci tsakanin ɓangarorin biyu, kodayake samar da bushewa, hasken matsi, har yanzu akwai bambance-bambance tsakanin ɓangarorin biyu. Hasken takarda ya bambanta, wanda kai tsaye yake shafan tawada da ingancin kayayyakin bugawa. Idan tsarin rubutun ya yi amfani da bugu na takarda tare da gefen baya mai kauri, za a ƙara lalacewar farantin. Gaban matashin buga takarda haske ne, yawan amfani da tawada ya rage.

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Post lokaci: Jul-07-2021